Honduras has been an independent country since 1821. It is a democratic and representative republic in which the government is composed of legislative, executive and judicial powers.
The current constitution is from 1982, the result of a Constituent Assembly elected for that purpose in April 1980, following the political pact that put an end to 17 years of military rule. In 2009 there was a coup d’état to the executive branch and since then the political scene has been reconfigured, and there are currently 14 legally registered political parties.
The population is 9,436,278. The official language is Spanish, with 8 dialects.
Honduras has shown the second highest economic growth rates in Central America in the last five years, well above the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. It has an economy in which its main contributor to GDP is expatriate remittances, 22.2% in 2019, followed by manufacturing, the financial sector and then the agricultural sector.
The education system is organised at 4 levels: pre-basic, basic, secondary and tertiary. The governmental system regularly distinguishes between morning, afternoon, evening, night and distance education. The existence of more than one day depends on the availability of infrastructure (premises) to cater for the enrolment.
On the other hand, teaching places are allocated according to the number of students enrolled, thus giving rise to multi-grade schools or sections when the minimums regulated in Article 34 of the Regulations for Educational Centres are not met. For the urban area, the indicated range is between 25 and 35 learners; the rural area with communication facilities the expected range is between 20 and 35 learners; and in the isolated rural area the approved range is between 15 and 35 learners.
Photo credit: GPE KIX
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